62. L By your recommendation you present M. Fadius to me as a friend; well, I gain nothing by that. Topics: Julius Caesar, Roman Republic, Pompey Pages: 2 (623 words) Published: November 19, 2012. Cornelius Lentulus Spinther, Q. Caecilius Metellus Caecilius Metellus, Q. Marcius Rex. B.C. On which account the republic owes him even a larger debt of gratitude, because he preferred the liberty of the Roman people to the friendship of one man, and because he preferred overthrowing arbitrary power to sharing it. For the ills to be remedied are very many, even though it may appear that the Republic has been safely delivered from the villainy of its enemies. Antonius modified his offer to Brutus and Cassius, by appointing them to govern insignificant provinces abroad. As for ourselves, were we urged by other considerations to wish to fan the flame of civil war, your letter would have no effect whatever; for the man who threatens has no authority among free men. I want you to have high hopes, and to rest assured that the difficulties of the State can speedily be solved on our side, as you have solved them at home. Consider rather whether this was not his reason for calling on me, that, when he had performed an action very like those which I myself had done, he called me above all men to witness that he had been an imitator of my exploits. Important Church Fathers such as Saint Augustine and others quoted liberally from his works, e.g. 3 Nothing can be more noble than your courage and greatness of spirit. And may I express a hope that our luck may be in proportion to our public deserts? [2.31] For just consider a little; and for a moment think of the business like a sober man. But all that left me unmoved; I had better things to think about. On this point the whole decision lies with you, for you alone know what your shoulders can bear. If he has come safe through it, we have triumphed; if otherwise (heaven avert the omen!) A lively introduction sets out the historical context, and the nature of the letters and Cicero's correspondents. Our friend Cassius with ten legions, twenty auxiliary cohorts, and a cavalry force of 4000, has pitched camp twenty miles away at Paltus, and anticipates a bloodless victory, seeing that with Dolabella the price of wheat is already three tetradrachms [for a medimnus]. [Rome, early in October, 44 B.C.]. But these are all old stories now. 68-52 london george bell and sons 1899 You must, therefore, convince yourself that the best hope of the Republic lies in you and your forces. L I expect you must be just a little ashamed of yourself now that this is the third letter that has caught you before you have sent me a single leaf or even a line. Cicero. But more of this and of much else, when we meet soon. . But seeing that we have put ourselves at your disposal, and in deference to your advice have dismissed our personal friends from the provincial towns, and have done so not only by edict but by letter as well, we surely deserve that you should admit us into your counsels, especially in a matter which affects ourselves. Now if you also hold in your hand all we believe you do, the props that support the Republic are strong; since from the nearest point of Greece right up to Egypt we shall find security in governments and armies commanded by citizens of the highest loyalty. We would have won a glorious victory, if Antonius, stripped and unarmed and a fugitive as he was, had not been given refuge by Lepidus. To His Brother Quintus. Domitius Calvinus, M. Valerius Messalia. The following letter to Atticus vividly describes the meeting to discuss this offer. For that mischief in the city was spreading, and daily gaining such strength, that for my own part I began to despair of the city and of public order in it. 56 B.C. Claudius Pulcher. Browse related items. [Brundisium, latter half of January, 45 B.C.]. Cicero also articulated an early, abstract conceptualisation of rights, based on ancient law and custom. "Am I to take an insult like a favour?" 3 As for my dear friend L.Cotta, yielding to a sort of irresistible despair (his own expression) he attends the Senate less regularly; L.Caesar, most admirable and gallant of citizens, is prevented by ill-health; Servius Sulpicius, a man of the greatest influence and soundest sentiments, is away from Rome. Cicero, Epistulae ad Familiares (English) [genre: prose] [Cic. Consider again and again what you are undertaking, and what strength you have for it; and be sure you remember, not how long was Caesar's life, but how short was his reign. 1.3 (S VIII): To Atticus at Athens, from Rome, January 66 BC I gave him the reasons that will occur to you, why it would not be safe. In September, Cassius left Italy, ostensibly to go to his province of Cyrene, but in reality he intended to proceed to Syria, where he knew that he could count on strong support. It has been brought home to the people of Rome that there are three ex-consuls, who, because they have been patriotic towards the Republic, and have spoken freely, cannot enter the Senate with safety. 2 Here (I'll send you something of a letter after all) we have on our hands the death of P. Sulla senior; some say it was brigands, others indigestion. [12.9] Cicero to Cassius And not only that, but measures which he himself would not carry through were he alive, we approve, because we suppose that he contemplated them. When I said that they should have called the Senate, they should have roused the people to action with greater vigour, and they should have taken over the whole conduct of affairs, your friend Servilia exclaimed: "Well, I never heard the like!" The translations of letters to Atticus are based on the version by E.O.Winstedt; the other letters are based on the version by W.G.Williams. And yet, as I frequently remind myself, my observations to you and yours to me in our friendly talks led us both to this conclusion - we thought it right and proper that, if not the whole quarrel, at any rate our judgment of it, should be determined by the issue of a single battle. In the following passage, Cicero defends himself against the charge of inciting the conspiracy against Caesar. "To Rome," he answered, "if you think I ought." Mind you keep your health and your affection for me. But if those burdens are too heavy for you, pause to think, lest your arrival may happen at a most unfavourable moment. There are but faint hopes of a free constitution (I shrink from saying there are none), but whatever they are, they are bound, as by betrothal, to the year of your consulship. Am I then called wicked by you because you suspect that I suspected something; and is he who openly displayed his dripping dagger; named by you so that you may do him honour? Shackleton Bailey. Will you never understand that you have to decide whether those men who performed that action are homicides or assertors of freedom? Of the rest of their conduct you may judge from the fact that they have robbed your legate of his travelling allowance. HTML and XML format. I should like you to be assured that neither you and your family, nor the Senate are without strong safeguards, so that you may defend the Republic in the best of hopes and with the highest spirit. Cicero was 20 years older than Cassius, and by the time this correspondence starts, he was already a prominent statesman. 59 Letters to Atticus, with an English translation by E.O. . With this before your eyes, see to it that your aims are of the highest. And had not his men broken his orders and sent me a deputation, he would have kept the gates of Apameia shut until I had stormed it. I am sure Pompeius must be fleeing: I only hope he may escape. I say nothing of his most disgraceful flight from the city, his timorous speeches in the towns, his ignorance not only of the strength of his opponent but of his own forces : but what of this? For myself, I never fail, and I never shall fail, to protect those dear to you; and whether they appeal to me for advice or whether they don't, I can in either case guarantee my love and loyalty to yourself. and do you think that those men were instigated by my authority rather than by their affection for the republic? Pro Quinctio: Pro Roscio Amerino: Pro Roscio Comodeo: de Lege Agraria Contra Rullum And yet why am I excusing myself to you, when your men come to me empty-handed, and return to you with letters ? I was advocating the public cause, which I have always advocated, and your political position and prestige as well. Had he shown that speed, Africa would have experienced the same leniency as was witnessed by Asia, yes, and by Achaea too, with you yourself, as I take it, being their ambassador and intercessor. the letters of cicero the whole extant correspondence in chronological order translated into english by evelyn s. shuckburgh, m.a. (Translated by C.D.Yonge). [12.5] Cicero to Cassius [12.12] Cassius, proconsul, to M.Cicero Some did not know how to contrive it, some had not courage for it, some had no opportunity,- every one had the inclination. Neither Piso, therefore, who was the first to assail him without finding anybody to back him up, nor I, who did the same a month afterwards, nor P.Servilius, who immediately followed us, are allowed to enter the Senate with safety. You alone know what your shoulders can bear of loyalists is warm in its destruction, much in any that! About Dolabella, but I am very glad of it the satisfaction to my that... Familiar to everybody but all that left me unmoved ; I and my army well... March 7th, 43 B.C. ] or other areas where access to a large amount of text helpful. As a friend ; well, I ask you, for you, when a boy pagan by! My dear Dolabella 2nd (? we do not so much as recommend him to accept the of. 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